Question: I’ve noticed that every time I use my antiperspirant/deodorant my armpits start itching the next day and they keep itching even if I stop using the product for a few days. Eventually it stops itching. Could my antiperspirant/deodorant be causing my itchy armpits?
Answer: Yes. It’s highly possible in both men and women.
What it’s like to be an armpit on a hot August summer day: There’s a thicker-than-usual amount of antiperspirant/deodorant on freshly-shaven skin to avoid sweat marks and odor. As you go rushing about your day, damp armpit skin rubs together along with some sweat, oil and your clothing. But underarm skin is sensitive from the shaving too and sweat glands are mostly blocked by irritating chemicals and perfumes in addition to the fabric, laundry detergent (and possibly chlorine bleach) from your shirt. What if you added sand, salt water and chlorine to that mix?
How antiperspirant/deodorant works: Underarm odor is not caused by the watery sweat that wets your shirt which is secreted by your eccrine sweat glands to lower your temperature through evaporation. The odor is caused by bacteria that break down fats secreted by your apocrine sweat glands. An antiperspirant contains an aluminum salt chemical to block the watery secretion from the eccrine glands which can be a primary irritant, especially when skin is more vulnerable in the summer or freshly shaven. But, It’s deodorant that controls the odor with perfumes and sometimes an antibacterial chemical to inhibit bacterial growth such as triclosan, also a common skin irritant.
You can now see how your antiperspirant/deodorant could be exacerbating an already sticky situation in your armpits!
5 steps to avoid itchy armpits
Don’t worry. You don’t have to wing it like Matthew McConaughey or Julia Roberts, who both reportedly abstain from wearing deodorant. Just experiment with different ingredients and formulas until you find one that does not cause you itchy armpits.
1. Read labels and switch underarm products, formulas. Many antiperspirant products contain a percentage (14-17) of the highly irritating ingredient aluminum zirconium tetrachlorohydrex GLY. Read product labels looking for a product in the lower percentage or for the least irritating antiperspirant ingredient, aluminum chlorhydrate. If excessive sweat is not your primary problem, switch solely to a deodorant to see if it was the sweat-gland blocking antiperspirant that caused your itching. If the deodorant product still causes itching, try an all-natural brand such as Tom’s of Maine which relies on botanicals such as aloe, sage and lemongrass to soothe skin and inhibit odor and irritation. Sometimes it’s the formula that causes the itching due to the drying nature of increased alcohol in a liquid spray, roll-on or clear versus a dry solid. Look for aluminum-free, alcohol-free and fragrance-free products.
2. Shave armpits at night. And don’t apply any antiperspirant/deodorant afterwards. Let skin breathe.
3. Go au naturel at the beach. Don’t apply any underarm products if you will be at the beach or swimming as excessive skin rubbing, sweating and salt, sand or chlorine can all further irritate sensitive underarm skin.
4. Switch laundry detergent, too. Try a dye- and fragrance-free laundry detergent to reduce exposure to irritants to your underarm area. Steer clear of chlorine bleach on T-shirts.
5. See your dermatologist if rash doesn’t clear. If you notice bumps, rash or pustules that do not resolve within a few days, see your dermatologist as folliculitis or other bacterial or fungal infection could be at play.